Algebra is such a staple in Mathematics today. It is so prevalent that the concept of algebra i.e. representing unknown values as abstract symbols rather than numbers feels so natural. It is one of the simplest and most utilised weapons in a mathematician’s toolkit. In this article, we will explore the roots of algebra and discover the many contributions to its formalisation all over the world. The earliest known usage of algebra is by the Babylonians around 2000 BC. Using tables and clever geometry – a Babylonian mathematical – the Babylonias could solve quadratic equations. Their methods consisted of step-by-step instructions in dealing with equations of certain forms. The Babylonians actually managed to derive the quadratic formula albeit a very informal version without any of the symbols we use today. There is also evidence of algebra from ancient Egyptian texts circa 1650 BC. Texts from that time, such as the Rhind papyrus, showed that the Egyptians could solve linear equations an